Title: Developmentally Appropriate Evaluation: Convincing Students and Teachers of the Importance of Observation as Appropriate Evaluation of Children.
Author(s): Martin, Sue
Publication Date: April 1996
Notes: Paper presented at the Association for Childhood Education International Conference (Minneapolis, MN, April 10-13, 1996).
Available from: EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.
Document Type: Reports--Descriptive (141); Speeches/meeting papers (150)
Geographic Source: Canada; Ontario
Journal Announcement: RIEJUN1996
appropriate evaluation (DAE) and developmentally appropriate practice
(DAP) are clearly allied. The concept of DAP has expanded to include
cultural, economic, ethnic, religious, and familial appropriateness.
These same concepts are equally applicable to appropriate evaluation.
Factors to consider for appropriate evaluation include: (1) the
importance of naturalistic observation; (2) evaluation effectiveness;
(3) the context of the child, including the child's social environment;
(4) biological maturation; (5) measuring quality of care; (6) parents
as partners, including improving parent-teacher communication; and
(7) professional observation. Key components of DAE include: (1)
objective recording of the child's behavior; (2) selection of appropriate
methodologies for recording; (3) recognition of biases; (4) emphasis
on process of individual development; (5) basing of evaluations
on objective data; (6) validation of inferences drawn from observations;
and (7) careful use of theoretic models. (Contains 13 references.)
Descriptors: Child Development; Child Rearing; *Classroom Observation Techniques; Curriculum Evaluation; Data Analysis; Early Childhood Education; Evaluation Criteria; *Evaluation Methods; Parent School Relationship; Parent Teacher Cooperation; Physical Development; Portfolio Assessment; Skill Development; Standards; *Student Evaluation; Young Children
Identifiers: *Developmentally Appropriate Programs; National Association Educ of Young Children; Naturalistic Evaluation; Professionalism; Vygotsky (Lev S)